Probably, there is not a single parent who has ever encountered the appearance of obscure red spots on the body of a child.
What they are, why they arise and what to do when detected? You will learn about all this by spending a few minutes reading our material.
Redness on the body can have a variety of forms. The main ones are:
- Stains – differ from normal unaffected skin only in color.
- Tubercles – elements that rise above the surface of the skin.
- Blisters – raised above the skin, tight.
- Papules – have the appearance of nodules, are directly in the skin, not standing out above the surface.
- Bubbles – watery formations filled with clear liquid.
- Pustules – vesicles containing pus.
All these species are primary. There are also secondary forms that appear already in place of the above described spots in the process of development or termination of the disease.
They all depend on specific diseases that cause the appearance of a rash on the body. Consider the possible causes of redness.us-us.us
Causes of pathology
All reasons can be divided into several groups:
Allergies. Very often, parents of babies who have an imperfect immune system are faced with such a problem. A reaction may occur in response to anything: food, animal dander, clothing washed with new powder, drugs. It appears quite quickly after exposure to an allergen and just as quickly passes as a result of the abolition of its effect on the body. In this case, the sites of the rash may be different: red spots appear on the legs, hands, cheeks, abdomen in a child.
Infectious diseases. A lot of diseases transmitted from person to person, it is manifested by a rash, and its nature helps to determine what caused such a reaction, and prescribe the correct treatment.
- Chickenpox, or windmill. Very contagious disease. The main symptom is specks all over the body, turning into liquid bubbles up to five mm in size. Dry and turn into crusts after 2 days. Itching often occurs. Scratching may remain when combing. Chickenpox can be accompanied by high fever, but it usually does not occur in infants.
- Rubella. It begins with lethargy and drowsiness, fever, cough and nasal congestion is possible, lymph nodes are increased. And only after two days the rubella manifests itself by the appearance of spots. First, small flat red spots appear on the face and neck, then everywhere – on the arms, legs, back, abdomen, pope of a child. This condition lasts from 3 to 7 days, then the rash fades and disappears.
- Coxsackie virus. Also called “hand-foot-mouth disease,” since rashes initially affect the oral mucosa, red spots appear on the hands, including the palms, feet of a child, and may appear on the genitals and buttocks. Spots become bubbles.
- Roseola. The infection is typical mainly for children under 2 years old, but can also occur in older ones. It is rarely diagnosed because the onset of the disease is taken for ARVI: the temperature rises, lasts up to 4 days, and after its normalization, the body becomes covered with a small red rash. It takes about 3-4 days, leaves no traces and does not require specific treatment.
- Measles. It begins with fever, it is characterized by a runny nose, sore throat. Bright spots appear on the body after five days from the onset of the disease, at the same time pink eruptions appear in the mouth.
- Scarlet fever. At the onset of the disease, a pink small rash covers the whole body, especially a lot of it in the folds, on the neck and in the armpits. In this form, it lasts a week, and then begins to peel off. Other signs of scarlet fever are very similar to angina: severe sore throat, bright red tonsils, white patches on the tongue.
Insect bites. Children’s skin is very delicate, so any bite can look like a rash, especially if the child combs it.
Vascular pathologies. Subcutaneous hemorrhages may occur as a result of vascular problems.
Separately, you can talk about rash in newborns, often of a specific nature. A young mother can notice red spots on the face, tongue, nape of a newborn infant, and worry about this. Consider the reasons:
- Flowering newborns. Such a phenomenon is very often the case. It looks like acne, in the form of small pimples on the face of the baby, at least – on the body. It is not dangerous, the cause of the rash – a temporary hormonal disorder associated with the ingestion of maternal hormones in the body crumbs through breast milk. Passes independently, without any treatment.
- In the language of the child red, sometimes white or yellow spots may occur due to thrush. It often occurs in children, usually up to 2 months. In this case, the treatment will appoint a pediatrician.
- Spots on the back of the head (in the form of one large or several small ones) can be either completely safe generic spots (also called nevus Unna), which can diminish or pass over time, or be caused by conditions requiring medical advice (hematomas, angiodysplasia).
- Erythema of the newborn can manifest itself reddening, sometimes physiological (occurs after washing off the lubricant, passes for several days) and toxic (allergic reaction to foreign protein that may be contained in breast milk).
- Prickly heat is a frequent companion of babies. It looks like small pink pimples or bubbles, it can appear all over the body, especially in the folds and places that sweat the most, often under the diaper. Mostly occurs in summer or in winter in a heated room. To prevent it, you need not to wrap the baby, wear it according to the weather, maintain the optimum temperature at home (not higher than 22 degrees) and bathe it daily.
Sometimes parents worry when they notice red spots under the child’s eyes. This may also be due to several reasons:
When you need to see a doctor
If any kind of rash appears on the body of a child, it is necessary to show the doctor to determine the cause and purpose of appropriate treatment. If the rash is accompanied by other symptoms described above, you need to call the doctor at home: it can be infectious in nature and be dangerous to others.
In this case, you should immediately call an ambulance if the following is observed:
- Fainting, lethargy;
- The heat, which can not knock;
- Anaphylactic shock;
- Shortness of breath, chest pain.
As you can see, there are a lot of causes of rash, and the treatment tactics depend on the disease. Therapist will prescribe a doctor who will diagnose. For example. Allergies are treated by eliminating the allergen from the diet or everyday life, using antihistamine tablets, ointments (most often hormonal).
As for infectious diseases, they often do not have specific treatment, only symptomatic, with mandatory quarantine. Some diseases require the placement of a patient in a hospital.
- Some infectious diseases are dangerous not with a rash, but possible complications. Vaccination will help prevent them. Vaccinations for measles and rubella are included in the mandatory calendar, you can optionally be vaccinated against chickenpox.
- Make sure that when the rash baby does not scratch and squeeze out the elements of the rash, it is fraught with the appearance of scars and wounds infection.
- Never give your child medicine or folk remedies without consulting a doctor.
- When traveling to nature, use insect repellent products. Always carry a first aid kit with antiseptics and antiallergic drugs.
Baby Rash – Video
The video reveals the main reasons for the appearance of rashes on the skin of babies and gives answers to questions that concern parents.