All mothers certainly want their child to always be healthy, and for this they are doing everything possible. If the baby is sick, then the parents immediately take him to the hospital. There, the crumbs are prescribed a large number of tests, the obligatory of which will be a clinical blood test.
After receiving the results, the moms often cannot wait for the consultation of the pediatrician and begin to interpret the results on their own. One of the indicators that may cause interest is the number of red blood cells in a child.
What can an increase in the number of these cells say and what to do about it? Let’s figure it out!
These cells carry oxygen from the alveoli of the lungs to the tissues and organs. They can also carry a variety of nutrients. Without the correct provision of these functions, all organ systems of the human body can suffer.
Do not panic, as soon as you see the discrepancy between the data analysis of the baby with those in adults. The children have completely different indicators of the norm and they differ in different periods of life.
- In newborn babies, these figures range from 5.3 to 7.3 * 1012 units per liter. These blood cells in crumbs can carry more oxygen than in adults, than they provide for the normal functioning of a small organism. But soon the figures are falling.
- Already after the first three days of life, they range from 4.1 to 6.7 * 1012 units per liter. The indicator is still falling.
- When a child reaches the age of 1 month, the rates become equal from 3.1 to 5.5 * 1012 units per liter. These values hold the baby up to 12 months.
- In one year, the figures increase – 3.5-5.0 * 1012 units per liter. This figure should be maintained until the beginning of puberty of the child (about 12 years).
- Starting from the age of 13 and over, figure should be from 3.7 to 5.5 * 1012 units per liter.
What do abnormalities mean?
Erythrocytosis is an increase in the blood of red blood cells.
Do not immediately panic if your baby has this symptom. After all, the increase in red blood cells and hemoglobin in a child can be both pathological and physiological. The second option in babies is quite common.
So, in which cases the occurrence of physiological erythrocytosis is possible:
- If the baby is subject to regular physical exertion, to engage in any active sports. The explanation for this phenomenon is quite simple – the muscle tissue of such a baby has a greater need for oxygen than others, so a compensatory increase in red blood cells occurs.
- If the baby lives in the highlands. In this case, the mechanism of the development of erythrocytosis is different. The fact is that in the mountains the partial density of oxygen in the air is reduced, and because of this, a compensatory increase in red cells develops.
- It must be remembered that one of the main negative causes of erythrocytosis in your child may be passive smoking. After all, being close to their parents, children also inhale harmful smoke. Due to constant passive smoking, tissue hypoxia occurs, which will lead to a compensatory increase in these cells.
- Only born children may have erythrocytosis, which is associated with the development of fetal hypoxia during pregnancy or passing through the birth canal.
Causes of deviations
Of course, it is possible to increase the red blood cells in the child and because of serious pathological disorders in the organs. Such pathological erythrocytosis requires etiological correction or stabilization of body functions.
The most common causes of increased red cells are:
- Disorders of the cardiovascular system (for example, congenital heart defects);
- Dehydration (dehydration) of the body when a baby develops prolonged vomiting or diarrhea;
- Disturbance of secretion of hormones (glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids) by the adrenal cortex;
- True polycythemia (benign hyperplasia of bone marrow elements);
- COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease);
- Diseases of the respiratory system in the acute stage (bronchitis, rhinitis, bronchial asthma);
- Pulmonary hypertension;
- Impaired red bone marrow function.
The most unfavorable diagnoses in which an increase in the erythrocytes in a baby can occur are oncological diseases of the kidneys or liver. In the case of these diseases, hypoxia of tissues and organs of a small organism occurs. The reaction to these changes is an increase in this indicator. ma-g.pw
Relative erythrocytosis (with thickening of the blood) may not be felt for quite a long time and is found by chance during routine blood tests.
Absolute erythrocytosis (with the stimulation of the red bone marrow) can manifest itself with the following symptoms:
- The appearance of hyperemia (redness) of the skin. This happens gradually – first, the skin turns pink, then reddens and may acquire a bluish tint. The process covers mucous membranes.
- Pain in the fingers and toes. This process develops due to the fact that the shaped elements are able to clog small vessels. Because of this, a sufficient amount of oxygen does not flow to the fingertip tissues. Pain is often paroxysmal.
- When blockage of small vessels of the brain can occur and headaches.
- Splenomegaly (an increase in the spleen) is due to the fact that there is an increasing need for the processing of uniform elements.
- When erythrocytosis is associated with kidney disease, blood pressure may increase.
What to do with increasing the number of red blood cells in a child?
Of course, you need to contact the specialists to determine the cause of this symptom. Since if you do not eliminate the cause, the symptom will return again and again.
The doctor must prescribe a second blood test. If the indicator is increased in this analysis, then additional methods of examination are appointed.
- If an increase in erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is detected in a child, this indicates the presence of an inflammatory process in the body.
- An increase in the level of red blood cells and monocytes in a child may be due to the development of an infectious disease (diphtheria, influenza, rubella, etc.) or a tumor process.
- An increase in red blood cells in the urine of a child may indicate the presence of inflammatory diseases of the kidneys, with diseases that cause the formation of toxins in the body (acute respiratory diseases, diseases of the digestive tract, etc.).
If the doctor has not determined any organic cause of the symptom, then erythrocytosis is likely to be relative. In order to eliminate this increase in blood cells, it is necessary:
- Give the child more fluid. This will help reduce blood viscosity.
- Monitor the proper and balanced nutrition of the child.
- Several times a day to carry out wet cleaning and airing the children’s room.
Important! Blood thinners should not be prescribed on their own! They can significantly harm the baby.
Elevated red blood cells in a child – video
What is the benefit of a blood count and what else can you learn from it? In these and other questions, Dr. Komarovsky can help sort things out.
Now you know that when you increase this indicator, you should always contact a specialist to find out the cause of this symptom, and not to self-medicate. After all, such shifts in the analysis can lead to a significant condensation of the baby’s blood and impaired blood supply to vital organs. Do not risk the health of your child!