With any hints of the disease, many mothers are in a hurry to show the baby to the pediatrician. And the younger the child, the more in a hurry. The doctor will examine the crumbs, listen and … send them to a general blood test. Because it is the hematogram (the ratio of blood cells, their number) in most cases gives a good specialist a complete understanding of what is happening in the child’s body. And for mothers, the names and numbers on a small piece of paper in a child’s card remain a non-talking combination of characters.
The simplest thing that a mother can figure out on this piece of paper is the number of platelets. But this knowledge will help parents prevent any complications associated with changes in their blood levels. What are platelets, how many of them should “float” in the bloodstream of a baby? What to do and how to react if the number of platelets is increased in the blood of a child under one year of age, 2 or 3 years old? Why do such changes occur? We will understand these issues!
First, find out what these cells are – platelets. And this is the uniform elements of blood. Some species. Honestly, they are the smallest inhabitants of the bloodstream, they are even called blood plates – they are so small and flat. There are a lot of functions in records, so the body is arranged – even a tiny cell has a lot of duties and affairs. The main work of platelets – to gather in close, comfortable company, forming a blood clot.
In order for all these processes to occur by themselves, it is necessary that the number of blood platelets more or less corresponds to the standards generally accepted for different ages:
What do abnormalities mean?
If the number of platelets in the baby fits into the generally accepted norms – this is good. However, if there is a significant deviation (more than 100 * 109 units per 1 liter of blood), a child may be diagnosed with thrombocytopenia (this is if the amount is below normal) or thrombocytosis (when there are too many blood plates).
Thrombocytosis carries much greater danger. If the analysis shows that the child has a high content of platelets in the blood, this indicates the following:
- Blood is thicker than usual. This overloads the blood vessels and the heart – these organs are harder to “pump” fluid through the body.
- Platelets are too close to each other. Therein lies the danger of their involuntarily merging into rather large blood clots that can clog up the vessels and in some cases even stop the heart by blocking any heart valve or coronary vessel.
- Even the union of blood plates in small blood clots is fraught with blockage of microcapillaries. This provokes various edemas, as well as heart attacks in parenchymal organs, destroying their structure (liver, lungs, spleen, kidneys). Even the baby’s brain gets injured (in neglected cases).
Causes of deviations
Why, for what reasons does the platelet count increase in a child’s blood? There are several factors that precede an increase in blood platelets in the baby’s bloodstream:
- Hereditary or acquired pathologies of the blood system. These include erythremia, myeloid leukemia and thrombocythemia.
- Pathology of infectious nature. Such diseases include meningitis of various etiologies, inflammatory processes, toxicoplasmosis, hepatitis, parasitic and fungal infections, encephalitis, viral diseases.
- Stress and hormonal disorders. During the period of accelerated growth (up to 12 years), the body develops rapidly. Disruptions in the hormonal system affect the number of platelets, their formation and decay.
It is quite difficult to determine thrombocytosis from the clinical picture – this pathology has no pronounced symptoms. A child has a high content of platelets often in combination with increased ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) and is clinically manifested:
- Rapid fatigue;
- Common weakness.
In order to timely and correctly respond to this pathology, you need to follow simple tips:
- At the slightest suspicion, show the child to the doctor;
- Be sure to pass a blood test with a finger;
- Together with the doctor to establish the reason for the increase in platelets;
- Following the recommendations of the doctor, undergo a course of treatment.
As a treatment, the doctor may prescribe you:
- Acceptance of anticoagulants (reduce blood clotting);
- Acceptance of antiplatelet agents (prevent the formation of blood clots);
- Reception stimulating the immune system drugs;
- In the most difficult cases – plateletfares (mechanical cleaning of blood from excess platelets with a special device).
- Consult a doctor in time;
- Turn in the necessary tests;
- Provide your child with a lot of drinking;
- Do not self-medicate, it is better to lie with the child in the hospital under the supervision of specialists.
Increased level of platelets in the blood of a child – video
This video tells in detail what happens when the number of platelets in a child changes, almost all the causes of thrombocytosis and thrombocytopenia are listed.
Blood is the most important fluid in our body. By the slightest changes in its composition, one can find out if everything is fine with the child. One of the important elements of this fluid are platelets.
The increased content of blood platelets not only indicates the presence of another disease in the body, but in some cases is dangerous to the life of the baby. x-x.us.comThrombocytosis is just a symptom of the underlying disease or pathology., but if you do not treat him carefully and do not take action, serious complications are possible. That is why with the slightest suspicion should immediately contact the experts.