Every parent experienced allergies in the child. In the home first aid kit must necessarily be a medicine that refers to antihistamine drugs. But suddenly in the first-aid kit from allergies only Suprastin? Is it safe for the baby? How much can you give this medicine to a child? Of course, only a doctor should prescribe antiallergic drugs, but since this medicine is a classic angihistamine, it is helpful for each parent to know what kind of drug it is, under what symptoms it should be used, what its safe dosage is, as well as other nuances of use.
Release form and composition Suprastin
The main pharmacological properties of the drug are as follows:
This is an antiallergic drug. The international name is chloropyramine. It is the hydrochloride of this substance and is contained in the tablet.
Suprastin – antihistamine, which belongs to the first-generation H1-blockers, which means that it has been used in medicine for several decades. The effects of this drug on the body are well studied. First of all, it reduces the manifestations of allergic diseases, relieves itching, has a so-called sedative effect (that is, relieves nervous tension, reduces irritability and has a hypnotic effect). 2020-g.su
This drug on the pharmacological market is presented in two forms: injection of one milliliter in one ampoule and tablets, which contain 25 mg of active ingredient.
Suprastin is prescribed when an allergy in children manifests itself with any symptoms. The instructions for this antihistamine list the following indications for use:
- Reaction to whey proteins;
- Hay fever (allergic rhinitis);
- Allergic inflammation of the eyes;
- Contact types of dermatitis;
- Some forms of eczema (including atopic dermatitis);
- Food and pharmacological allergies;
- Quincke’s edema (tablets are used as an adjunct);
- Allergic reactions to insect bites.
This remedy is very effective in most allergic reactions.. Like all first-generation antihistamines, it acts fairly quickly (within half an hour after administration, relief is already felt), but for a very short time.
How to give Suprastin to children
As already noted, the drug is released in tablets and in ampoules with a solution for injection. Different forms of drug release Suprastin different dosages for children. Each release form corresponds to its purpose. When the child needs emergency care, use the solution for injection. The drug is administered intravenously (in very severe cases and acute allergic reactions) or intramuscularly.
The recommended dosage for children is as follows:
- babies from 1 month to 1 year prescribe a quarter of the drug ampoule, i.e. 0.25 ml intramuscularly;
- children from 1 year to 6 years prescribe 0.5 ampoules of antihistamine, or 0.5 ml intramuscularly;
- children from 6 to 14 years prescribed from 0.5 to 1 ml of the drug (1 / 2–1 ampoules) intramuscularly.
Important! An injection should be done only by a specialist with medical education.
The drug Suprastin 20 tablets The instructions for use of the dosage for children are as follows:
3-4 years – half a tablet 2 times a day;
6-14 years old – half a pill 2-3 times a day.
Based on the foregoing, It is not advisable to give suprastin to children under three years old. – dosage in tablets for babies is not provided. The pharmaceutical market is now rich in a variety of drugs that are safer for kids. If for any reason the pediatrician has prescribed Suprastin for children under one year old, it is very important to strictly follow the dosage specified by the doctor.
As a rule, it does not exceed a quarter of the pill. But once again it is worth noting that another dosage form is preferable for babies. Take pills during meals. The pill should be swallowed without chewing and drink a sufficient amount of water.
Despite its popularity, antihistamines are not at all harmless and have some important features of use.
The instructions for tablets are the following contraindications:
- Full-term and premature newborns;
- Lactation period;
- Acute attacks of bronchial asthma.
Features of use
Very carefully, you should give this antihistamine to babies and children who have a history of any disease. This is especially true of diseases of the respiratory tract, liver and kidney failure, as well as during ARVI. You should pay attention to such features of the drug:
- The process of metabolizing the drug occurs in the liver and the active substance is excreted through the kidneys. This may adversely affect these organs if the child has any pathology.
- The drug dries the mucous. This means that during colds, the mucus in the airways will thicken and the healing process will be delayed or complications may begin. Suprastin is especially undesirable when coughing in children. Phlegm will be more difficult to move away, and this may entail such dangerous diseases as bronchitis, pneumonia, etc.
- This antihistamine has a pronounced effect on the central nervous system. In the side effects of the drug in addition to drowsiness, dizziness and fatigue, nervous excitement and tremor are also indicated. Some pediatricians note the likelihood of seizures.
- During the reception of all antihistamines of the first generation, concentration of attention weakens and the reaction worsens. This means that in the process of taking the medication, it is better to avoid active games and practicing traumatic sports.
- Long-term use of classic anti-allergy drugs is highly addictive. Some doctors suggest that long-term use of these medicines may also provoke allergic reactions. It is advisable to use such antihistamines for no more than 10 days.
Suprastin for newborns – video
In this video, doctor of the highest category, pediatrician Evgeny Komarovsky, talks about the causes of allergy in newborns, as well as about the means of treating allergic reactions in children of different ages. The doctor gives a detailed account of the shortcomings of first-generation antihistamine medications, including Suprastin, and also offers a safe and high-quality replacement for outdated allergies.
Suprastin is a popular and cheap allergy medication. They were treated by our mothers and grandmothers. This medicine seems familiar and safe. Its availability and wide popularity became the reason that it is possible to find it in each home first-aid kit.
Parents are hoping for the old tried-and-true remedy and are ready to give Suprastin even to newborns. But if the question arises how to give Suprastin to the baby, then the form of the medicine (like the medicine itself) is not suitable for the child.
It is known that the US Food and Drug Administration has not approved the active ingredient of this drug. Pharmacological science does not stand still. New drugs without side effects and in convenient forms for kids should be in each medicine cabinet. The health of a child is not exactly what it is worth saving. And, perhaps, many of you have a successful experience of using Suprastin for children under three years old, but is it worth the risk?