Often women worry if they can get into their favorite jeans after the baby is born. Doctors worry about something else – how many grams did the future mommy have gained over the past week? Why is this so important?
There is an unspoken rule that during pregnancy an average weight gain should be 300 g per week during the first half of pregnancy and 400–450 g during the second half of pregnancy. It turns out that the total weight gain during pregnancy is about 12-15 kg. These figures are considered to be the average norm.
Control weighing is part of the mandatory procedures performed at each visit to the doctor throughout pregnancy. The reason for this is the close connection between the gained kilograms and the health of the future mother and baby.
Track your weight better by yourself. Since in order to avoid errors and inexplicable weight jumps, as well as unnecessary worries, all control weighings should occur under a variety of conditions:
- must be weighed at the same time and preferably on the same scales;
- It is better to use accurate electronic scales, the error of which is minimal.
It is necessary to clarify the definition of the concept of “extra weight”. If weight gain of 100-300 g is abnormal, this is not a cause for concern. If the increase was more than 1000 g per week, this is a reason to talk with a doctor. This fact may indicate fluid retention in the body, and this is fraught with oxygen starvation of the fetus.
To each his own
Newborn The average weight of the baby is 3500 g, but deviations within 1000 g are acceptable.
Blood, fluid and fatty tissue An increased volume of blood adds an average of 1200–1500 g to you. The volume of circulating blood (BCC) in a pregnant woman increases by about 30–50%, that is, it almost doubles from the initial “pregenerative” level. By the 29–36th week, the BCC reaches its maximum. There is a belief that the woman who gave birth prolongs her life for 2–3 years. Such an opinion in the old days was formed in connection with the renewal of blood. It was believed that the old blood leaves the body during childbirth, and the new remains.
Amniotic fluid (or amniotic fluid) – the biologically active environment surrounding the fetus. At different stages of pregnancy, their volume varies. The maximum (37–38th week) is about 1000–1500 ml. By the 40th week, their number may slightly decrease and amounts to about 800 ml by the time of birth – an increase in weight of 700–800 g. The main increase in adipose tissue occurs in the chest, thighs and abdomen. This is a natural physiological process aimed at reducing the risk factors for health, and sometimes the preservation of a child’s life. From the very beginning of pregnancy, the future mother has a gradual increase in the mass of the mammary glands. u-s.us.com
By the end of pregnancy The total increase due to an increase in adipose tissue is 700–800 g, 400–500 g of which falls on the mammary glands. So the mammary glands are preparing for the breastfeeding period, and you get another kilogram.
Uterus Its structure allows it to grow dozens of times during pregnancy and safely return to the previous size after giving birth. The average parameters of the body before pregnancy: length – 7–8 cm, thickness – 4–5 cm, width – 4–6 cm. The volume of the uterine cavity by the ninth month of pregnancy increases 500 times. Its length is 37–38 cm, thickness — 24 cm, width — approximately 25–26 cm. By the end of pregnancy, the mass of the uterus is almost 1000 g.
Placenta Translated from Latin, the word “placenta” means “cake”, which quite accurately describes its appearance. The placenta occupies an indisputable leading position among the organs: it is responsible for the maintenance of life and the development of the baby. Due to this, the weight of the organ itself is rather big. At the beginning of pregnancy, the weight of the placenta exceeds the weight of the fetus dozens of times, by the end of pregnancy, the mass of the placenta reaches almost 500-600 g.
Regular walks in the park, aqua aerobics, swimming, reasonable exercise, along with proper nutrition will help keep weight during pregnancy under control.
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Irina Shabaeva – psychologist studio umpalump, which specializes in “repair” work. Attention is corrected, memory is adjusted, reading is tightened, speed is increased (or reduced), behavior is calibrated, and mutual understanding is established. Age does not matter! Ira uses a whole “suitcase” of tools, carefully handed over to her by psychotherapists, mentors, doctors and collected by personal experience.
At the Mamaklub meeting, Irina Shabaeva will tell how, with the help of psychological games, a mother can help a child with a variety of problems:
“Children love to play, in games they live whole stories and lives, perform feats and go on long journeys. But can a psychological game be so interesting for children? How do these games differ from the ordinary ones, and how to choose the right psychological game for a certain age and a specific request. And most importantly, I will tell you about the intricacies and tricks that will help you create your own psychological games for your child. ”
We invite all mothers of babies from 0 to 7 to the May meeting of the Mother Club in Kiev! The topic of the meeting: “Being a mother is easy! The best games for the development, training and education of children “.
Editorial opinion may not coincide with the opinion of the author of the article.