Parainfluenza in children (photo: Fotolia)
Parainfluenza is most often diagnosed in children under 2 years of age, and even a newborn can get sick. This acute respiratory disease is caused by a virus from the paramyxovirus family. What symptoms should alert, and what should enter into effective treatment – about this in our material.
Parainfluenza in children: symptoms
Parainflux is transmitted by airborne droplets. The patient is able to transmit the virus within 7-10 days. And the incubation period is 2-7 days.
Pediatricians note that, as a rule, the onset of the disease passes in an acute form. Note the main symptoms:
- temperature rise;
- intoxication and loss of appetite;
- catarrhal syndrome (pharyngitis, rhinitis, laryngitis) – pharyngitis occurs with mild redness of the mucous membrane of the posterior pharyngeal wall, rhinitis with moderate secretions, laryngitis with barking cough and hoarseness in the voice;
- noisy breathing;
- sleep disturbance;
- increase of leukocytes in the blood (moderate leukocytosis), and then decrease of leukocytes (leukopenia).
Usually, the very first symptoms of parainfluenza include: croup syndrome at night, the development of stenosis, sore throat.
Features of parainfluenza in the youngest children
The smallest patients may have some differences during the parainfluenza:
- parainfluenza develops more slowly – for example, the first two days may be either normal temperature, or within 37.5 degrees, but parainfluenza then passes in waves and can last from 2 to 4 weeks;
- croup syndrome up to 4 months with parainfluenza rarely occurs;
- infrequently, babies develop laryngitis;
- pneumonia, bronchitis as complications in the smallest patients occur more often.
Parainfluenza in children: treatment
- excessive drinking, including fruit drinks and herbal teas allowed by the doctor;
- bed rest, especially in the most acute period;
- diet – only healthy foods with vitamins that the child wants to eat; to regret the child with sweets at this time is only to cause harm
- lavage of the nose and vasoconstrictor nasal drops, if prescribed by a doctor;
- antibiotics (if there is a doctor’s appointment);
Be careful! Immunity of the child after suffering the disease rather quickly loses the ability to resist this virus. So, there is a big risk to get sick again. Often the disease attacks children twice a year.
If your child had parainflueness, share your treatment experience in the comments.