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Parainfluenza in children: symptoms and treatment

Parainfluenza in children (photo: Fotolia)

Parainfluenza is most often diagnosed in children under 2 years of age, and even a newborn can get sick. This acute respiratory disease is caused by a virus from the paramyxovirus family. What symptoms should alert, and what should enter into effective treatment – about this in our material.

Parainfluenza in children: symptoms

Parainflux is transmitted by airborne droplets. The patient is able to transmit the virus within 7-10 days. And the incubation period is 2-7 days.

Pediatricians note that, as a rule, the onset of the disease passes in an acute form. Note the main symptoms:

  • temperature rise;
  • intoxication and loss of appetite;
  • catarrhal syndrome (pharyngitis, rhinitis, laryngitis) – pharyngitis occurs with mild redness of the mucous membrane of the posterior pharyngeal wall, rhinitis with moderate secretions, laryngitis with barking cough and hoarseness in the voice;
  • noisy breathing;
  • headache;
  • sleep disturbance;
  • weakness;
  • increase of leukocytes in the blood (moderate leukocytosis), and then decrease of leukocytes (leukopenia).

Usually, the very first symptoms of parainfluenza include: croup syndrome at night, the development of stenosis, sore throat.

Features of parainfluenza in the youngest children

The smallest patients may have some differences during the parainfluenza:

  • parainfluenza develops more slowly – for example, the first two days may be either normal temperature, or within 37.5 degrees, but parainfluenza then passes in waves and can last from 2 to 4 weeks;
  • croup syndrome up to 4 months with parainfluenza rarely occurs;
  • infrequently, babies develop laryngitis;
  • pneumonia, bronchitis as complications in the smallest patients occur more often.

Parainfluenza in children: treatment

  • excessive drinking, including fruit drinks and herbal teas allowed by the doctor;
  • bed rest, especially in the most acute period;
  • diet – only healthy foods with vitamins that the child wants to eat; to regret the child with sweets at this time is only to cause harm
  • expectorants;
  • lavage of the nose and vasoconstrictor nasal drops, if prescribed by a doctor;
  • antibiotics (if there is a doctor’s appointment);
  • antipyretic.

Be careful! Immunity of the child after suffering the disease rather quickly loses the ability to resist this virus. So, there is a big risk to get sick again. Often the disease attacks children twice a year.

If your child had parainflueness, share your treatment experience in the comments.

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