Sleep is an extremely important part of human life, especially at the very beginning. How much a child needs to sleep during the day, at night, what is the period of uninterrupted sleep – depends not only on the child’s age, but also on his temperament, and also on the individual characteristics of the psyche. However, pediatricians offer some recommendations that should not be taken as dogma, but rather as a guide for parents.
Separate in the issue of children’s sleep is the period of infancy up to 6 months. There is a clear and obvious connection – the younger the child, the more he sleeps. This is connected with the device of the child’s brain, which after the birth of the baby continues to evolve, neural connections are formed, the nervous system is being adapted to a new world, full of impressions that need to be learned.
During sleep, there are many important processes – special hormones are produced that are necessary for the growth of bone tissue, the brain switches from the mode of perception of information to the mode of its processing and ordering, the muscular system relaxes and rests.
How much should a baby sleep from birth to one year old
The newborn baby, especially in the first weeks of its life, sleeps most of the time, waking up only to eat. If the baby cries and does not sleep when he is full, then something bothers him – pain, discomfort, or the room is too hot. By the way, to tiptoe and talk in a whisper when the baby sleeps is not particularly necessary, but you should not make any special noise either.
- From birth to 1 month the child sleeps 17-20 hours a day, the time of wakefulness is lengthened gradually
- By the 3rd months baby sleeps about 16 hours, and a great honor – night sleep
- By 7 months children’s sleep averages 14 hours – plus or minus 1-1.5 hours
In the first months of life, the child learns to sleep and to distinguish between day and night. Some kids go through this stage easily and painlessly, but most will need help from their parents. There are many techniques that facilitate the adaptation of the baby to a normal sleep pattern, this is important not only for the mother, who also needs to sleep, but also for the child, so that the sleep is productive.
How much should a baby sleep after a year
The one-year-old baby is quite adult, he knows a lot and his impressions in his life become more and more. A small brain still needs a lot of time to sort the information and rest. By this time, night and daytime sleep are clearly separated, if you have evening rituals, then the baby is easier to tune in for a long rest. The optimal time for laying down at night from about 20:30 to 21:30 is a period of decreased brain activity. If the child is overexcited or missed the time to decrease activity (in other words, when they wanted to sleep), it can be very difficult to fall asleep.
- From 1 to 1.5 years the child sleeps 2 times during the day for 2-2.5 hours. Night sleep in a one-year-old baby should be at least 10-11 hours.
- From 1.5 to 2 years gradually moving to one daytime sleep, and focus on the state of the child – some kids need to sleep more, and someone is ready to stay awake all the time. Total sleep time 13-14 hours
- From 2 to 3 years – one day nap lasting from 1.5 to 3 hours. At night, the child should sleep 10-11 hours. If your baby is ready to sleep longer during the day, watch him – if a long day’s sleep (more than 3 hours) makes it difficult to fall asleep in the evening, it is worth waking the baby.
- Up to 7 years the child should sleep during the day, at least it is very desirable. True, the preschooler’s daytime sleep time is already smaller — an hour — one and a half (up to 2 hours), and at night a child up to 7 years old should sleep at least 9-10 hours.
After 7 years of daytime sleep is not necessary, and at night it is important for your baby to sleep at least 8-9 hours.
Dr. Komarovsky advises:
Rational ways to combat child sleep do not want three.
Method one. Increased physical exertion – sports, maximum stay in the fresh air, housework.
The second way. Limiting emotional loads, especially in the evenings, at least, it is not advisable to give a long-awaited toy at 20.00, and checking a diary at 21.00 should be considered a pedagogical crime.
The third way. Do not create a problem where it is absent in principle. Accounting for the desire of children to copy adults. The topic is time to sleep should not go up at all. Either the child will want to sleep on his own, or will go to bed, imitating mom and dad. The more attention is paid in the family to bedtime, the more often parents look at their watches, the louder and stricter the order go to bed, the more problems arise.